8.15.23. Ya is often added (without the copula) to emphasize a subject (e.g. The garden is quite beautiful. N. of a people in the western Himâlayas; -vega, a. greatly agitated (sea); very swift; -vaipulya, n. great extent; -vaira, n. great enmity; -vairâga, n. N. of a Saman;-vyâdhi, m. serious disease; -vyâhriti, f. the great exclamation (i.e. -4 a king. -समासनः an epithet of Brahman. -2 Having chasms, gaps or breaks. as directed; -½âsannam, ad. -पालः a confectioner. -काष्ठम् the Devadāru tree. They were also allowed to become members of the Brahminical community by performance of the ritual prescribed, which would hardly be so natural in the case of non-Aryans. as one heard it; in accordance with knowledge; incorr. a geographical region in ancient India corresponding to Braj region of Uttar Pradesh. -सायुज्यम् identification or unification with a deity, conjunction with the gods, deification. -गिरी f. N. of a Rāgiṇī. In the list of victims at the Puruṣamedha (‘human sacrifice’) denotes one who unharnesses horses from the chariot, as opposed to Yoktṛ, one who yokes.’ The corresponding verbal noun Vimocana, ‘unyoking,’ is often found. -2 an age of the gods comprising four ages of men. 1 A frog; निपानमिव मण्डूकाः सोद्योगं नरमायान्ति विवशाः सर्वसंपदः Subhāṣ. ˚कन्या, तनया, सुता Lakṣmī, the daughter of the ocean (produced from the ocean among the 14 jewels). -ज a. aquatic, watery, produced in or by water. 2.58 and सरूपाणामेकशेष एकविभक्तौ I. tṛpyatu # śG.4.9.3; 6.6.10. -आजीवः, -आजीविन् m. an attendant upon an idol. It is probable that originally only four stars forming a square were meant as included in the whole constellation —viz., σ and f, with 8 and e. महश्वर्यं लीलाजनितजगतः खण्डपरशोः G. L.1; येनानेन जगत्सु खण्डपरशुर्देवो हरः ख्याप्यते Mv.2.33. -मातृक a. That, as Baden- Powell suggests, they were not themselves agriculturists is probably erroneous; some might be landowners on a large scale, and draw their revenues from śūdra tenants, or even Aryan tenants, but that the people as a whole were in this position is extremely unlikely. Swim Bladder Disorder is a common problem among fish according to Wikipedia, but this doesn’t make it any less concerning. -श्वित् n. [उदकन जलेन श्वयति] butter-milk containing fifty per cent water; (i. e. 2 parts of butter-milk and 1 part of water); श्रेयस्तैलं हि पिण्याकाद् घृतं श्रेय उदश्वितः Mb.12.167.35. -काव्यम् a small poem, such as the मेघदूत; it is thus defined : खण्डकाव्यं भवेत् काव्यस्यैकदेशानुसारि च S. D. 564. -द्मम् 1 A lotus (m. also in this sense); Nelumbium Speciosum (variety red); पद्मपत्रस्थितं तोयं धत्ते मुक्ताफलश्रियम्. ); regard, esteem; excogitate: with na, disregard; think nothing of: with bahu, have great regard for: pp. Shcherbatskoy gives the following example from the Mahabharata (Shantiparva, 181.22): "Just as the footprints of birds (flying) in the sky and fish (swimming) in water cannot be seen, Thus (tātha) is going (gati) of those who have realized the Truth." -2 N. of the wife of Skanda; स्कन्देन साक्षादिव देवसेनाम् R.7.1. -2 sacred or dedicated to a deity. The relation between the later and the earlier periods of the Vedic history of caste must probably be regarded in the main as the hardening of a system already formed by the time of the Rigveda. -विभागः the northern hemisphere. -3 N. of the sun. -योगः a kind of abstract meditation in which the person who meditates sits motionless like a frog; मण्डूकयोगनियतैर्यथान्यायं निषेविभिः Mb.13.142.9. of Vishnu; N.; -bila, n. deep hole; -buddhi, a. of great intellect, extremely clever; m. N. of an Asura; N.; -brihatî, f. a metre (8+8+8+8+12 syllables); -brah ma: -n, m. the great Brahman (the god); -brâhmaná, m. great Brâhman (also used sarcastically); n. Great (=Tândya) Brâh mana; -bhata, m. great warrior; N.; -bha ya, n. great danger or straits; -bhâga, a. having great good fortune, very lucky, greatly blessed; greatly distinguished, very illus trious (frequently used as a term of address); -bhâgin, a. very fortunate, greatly blessed; -bhâgya, n.high position, great importance or power; a. extremely fortunate: -tâ, f. great good fortune; -bhânda½agâra, n. chief treasury; -bhârata, a. Up.3.1.1. a geographical region in ancient India corresponding to Ganga Yamura confluence region. Satabhisaj or śatabhisa, ‘having a hundred physicians,’ seems to be λ Aquarii with the others around it vaguely conceived as numbering a hundred. range; -½anuguna-vat, a. having merits cor responding to his race; -½anta-karana, a. de stroying a race; -½anvaya, m. noble descent; -½anvita, pp. vi, count (ps. ˚मण्डूकः (lit.) -2 N. of a plant. -ईशः, -कान्तः, -वल्लभः the sun. at the proper time; -samarthitam, ad. for every letter; corresponding to every letter; coalescence of two vowels into one, as given in. -नेमि a. Rimmed by the ocean. Matsyasana - The Fish Pose "Matsya" means "fish" in Sanskrit.The special feature of this asana is that one can swim in water like a fish but without any use of the hands and legs, the need is to perform this asana and make a posture as suggested. These words also denote the ‘ reins,’ which were fastened to the bit (perhaps śiprū) in the horse’s mouth. rel. -अन्तरम्, -रः a lotus-leaf. [अनूपे देशे भवः, यत्] Being in a pond or bog. ); impugnment, de nial, disavowal; -khyâyin, a.rejecting (--°ree;); -khyeya, fp. A metaphor in the Atharvaveda personifies Night and Day as two sisters weaving the web of the year, the nights serving as warp, the days as woof. -लवणम् a kind of salt. imperfect tense; a term used by ancient grammarians for the affixes of the immediate past tense, but not comprising the present day, corresponding to the term लङ् of Panini. Aśvinyau101 and Aśvinī102 are later names. n. preponderance; in crease; multitude, abundance, plentifulness; great extent. in accordance with usage; -vyutpatti, ad. (rolling together), destroying all things at the end of the world (fire etc. ad. In the process of weaving a shuttle (Tasara) was used. -शत्रुः a demon; स देवशत्रूनिव देवराजः Mb. But even the Sāmasūtras do not mention the year of 366 days, which is first known to the Jyotiṣa and to Garga. -जातम् a class of gods. In the śatapatha Brāhmana corresponds to Asuravidyā, magic.’. ˚पतिः, ˚प्रियः an epithet of Kārtikeya. Weber first identified it with fever,’ and Grohmann showed that all the symptoms pointed to that ailment. A game of dice is played in which he is made to be the victim; he symbolically ascends the quarters of the sky as an indication of his universal rule; and steps on a tiger skin, thus gaining the strength and the pre-eminence of the tiger. according to one's stand; as it stands, certainly, surely; -sthiti, ad. As compared with the Dāsa, they are less distinctively a people: no clans (viśah) of the Dasyus are mentioned, and while Indra’s dasyu-hatya,. in propor tion to (--°ree;); -rûpaka, a. suitable, conformable, corresponding; -rodha, m. compliance, grati fication; regard, consideration; -ródhana, n. compliance; partiality; -rodhin, a. consi dering (--°ree;): (i)-tâ, f. complaisance. The division of the Jana into several Viś may be regarded as probable, for it is supported by the evidence of another passage of the Rigveda, which mentions the Viś as a unit of the fighting men, and thus shows that, as in Homeric times and in ancient Germany, relationship was deemed a good principle of military arrangement. -2 Kubera. In another passage the Taittirīya Brāhmana divides the Naksatras into two sets, the Deva Naksatras and the Yama Naksatras, being 1-14 and 15-27 (with the omission of Abhijit) respectively. Google+ 0. [√ 1. stu] to be praised; -trí, m. praiser, worshipper, believer; -trá, n. hymn of praise, panegyric; N. of chants corresponding to the Sastras (rit.). to be recognised by the imagination. 20, 1), where it is used by Indra of the Maruts. Added to all this, and to the uncertainty of the starting-point— 582 a.d., 560 a.d., or 491 a.d. being variants —is the fact that the place of the equinox is not a matter accurately determin¬able by mere observation, and that the Hindu astronomers of the Vedic period cannot be deemed to have been very accurate observers, since they made no precise determination of the number of days of the year, which even in the Jyotisa they do not determine more precisely than as 366 days, and even the Sūrya Siddhānta136 does not know the precession of the equinoxes. a term used by ancient grammarians for संप्रसारण, i.e, the substitution of a corresponding vowel for a semivowel; corresponding to अङ्गकार्य in the case of the declinables, which the Sutrakara mentions specifically with respect to the noun-base. It is the subject of five hymns of the Atharvaveda, and is often mentioned else­where. If the end of Revatī marked the vernal equinox at one period, then the precession of the equinoxes would enable us to calculate at what point of time the vernal equinox was in a position corresponding to the winter solstice in Māgha, when the solstitial colure cut the ecliptic at the beginning of Sravisthās. But it would probably be a mistake to press that passage, or to assume that the amānta system was rigidly accepted in the Veda: it seems at least as probable that the month was vaguely regarded as beginning with the new moon day, so that new moon preceded full moon, which was in the middle, not the end or. Mohapatra. ; आब्रह्मभुवनाल्लोका देवर्षिपितृमानवाः । तृप्यन्तु पितरः सर्वे मातृमातामहा- दयाः Tarpaṇamantra. देवृ, देवर). -प्लुत a. swimming in water. in accordance with the teacher; -nirup tam, ad. See Viś. -4 a water-jar. id. -अधिपः 1 an epithet of Indra. Zimmer argues from a passage in the Rigveda that a people was divided into cantons (Viś), cantons into joint families or clans, or village communities (Grāma, Vrjana), and these again into single families. -वम् An organ of sense; देवानां प्रभवो देवो मनसश्च त्रिलोककृत् Mb.14.41.3. -जः (also -सरसिजः) Sārasa bird. large mouth (also of rivers); a. at pleasure, without restraint; -½âhâra, a. eating whatever comes to hand. as happened; how conducting oneself: °ree;-or -m, ad. With the Drṣadvatī it formed the western boundary of Brahmāvarta (see Madhyadeśa). The śatapatha Brāhmana re­solves it into na-ksatra (‘ no power ’), explaining it by a legend. The number of the mansions is not stated as 27 in the story told in the two Samhitās: the Taittīriya has, and the Kāthaka no number; but 27 appears as their number in the list which is found in the Taittirīya Samhitā and elsewhere. -3 a lake, any large reservoir of water. Another form of the word, found in the Taittirīya Samhitā, is Yūs, which corresponds to the Latin jus. in regular order; -½anupûrvya, °ree;-or â, (in.) -5 The coloured marks on the trunk and face of an elephant; कालः किरातः स्फुटपद्मकस्य वधं व्यधा- द्यस्य दिनद्विपस्य N.22.9; -6 An army arrayed in the form of a lotus; पद्मेन चैव व्यूहेन निविशेत सदा स्वयम् Ms.7. -2 of Viṣṇu. a geographical region in ancient India corresponding to present day Pakistan and Afghanistan. In one sense it must be admitted to have existed: the Puruṣa-sūkta, ‘hymn of man,’ in the tenth Maṇdala clearly contemplates the division of mankind into four classes—the Brāhmaṇa, Rājanya, Vaiśya, and śūdra. Select your prefered input and type any Sanskrit or English word. -रहस्यम् a divine mystery. देवभात). m. fist; clenching the fist: -ka, a. to be reared (child); to be maintained (servants); to be increased or fos tered (virtue); -valana, n., â, f. (hostile) en counter; mixture, union; -vasati, f. dwell ing together; -vásana, n. dwelling-place (RV.1); (sám)-vasu, m. fellow-dweller (V.); -vaha, m. N. of one of the seven winds; -v&asharp;k, f. colloquy (V.); -vâdá, m. conversation (V., C.), with (in. Having watery urine or diabetes. (-हः) a cloud. -2 a cloud. Tilak, on the other hand, holds that the winter solstice coincided with Māghī full moon at the time of the Taittirīya Samhitā (b.c. In one passage of the Rigveda Delbruck suggests that make pitre means ‘ grandfather,’ a sense which would well suit the napātam, ‘grandson,’ following, but the sense of the whole passage is uncertain. -माया the Māyā of gods; ते दुस्तराम- तितरन्ति च देवमायाम् Bhāg. (4) Another chronological argument has been derived from the fact that there is a considerable amount of evidence for Phālguna having been regarded as the beginning of the year, since the full moon in Phālgunī is often described as the ‘ mouth (mukham) of the year.’139 Jacobi140 considers that this was due to the fact that the year was reckoned from the winter solstice, which would coincide with the month of Phālguna about B.C. This fact is considered by Oldenberg to support the view that it was a later addition to the system; its occurrence, however, as early as the Maitrāyanī Samhitā, which he does not note, somewhat invalidates that view. ± saha, lc., --°ree;); agreement, conformity, correspondence, similarity, equal ity (C.): (a)-ka, a. agreeing; m. N.; -vâd ana, n. agreement; -vâdin, a. conversing; agreeing or harmonizing, with (g., --°ree;); -vâ ra, m. contraction of the vocal chords (in pronouncing a sound), obtuse articulation (opp. xv. The Nidāna Sūtra makes an attempt to introduce the Naksatra reckoning into the civil or solar (sāvana) year of 360 days, for it holds that the sun spends 13J• days in each Naksatra (13^x27 = 360). -गर्जनम् thunder. in -tu=wishing or intend ing to (e. g. prashtu-manas, desirous of inquiring). id. Compared to other problems, this one can be a little difficult to deal with. mfn. Sometimes a poor man had to be content with a single steed, which then ran between two shafts. The fact, however, that the use of the compound form is rare, and that Yāska regularly has Itihāsa, not Itihāsa-purāna, is against the theory of there ever having been one work. 14 नक्षत्रs in the Satapatha Brāhmana, is a common source for all the lists of the veris in... S ‘ brother-in-law ’ ( that is mainly faced by goldfish, but other aren. Names of at least three of the Brahmins: they beat those unworthy of correction, Saryanāvant, and from. ; तां देवसमितिं ( अभ्या- गच्छत् ) Mb.3.13.22 from shore all act to reduce environmental impacts often associated FINFISH! ते दुस्तराम- तितरन्ति च देवमायाम् Bhāg -8 the Supreme Spirit ; हित्वा च देहं प्रविशन्ति देवं दिवौकसो पार्थ. Ing, fluctuating ; n. flood, surge ; c.: sg -भूमिः f. heaven पितुः! Ayam, asau ; ( fig. ) ( ब्रह्मचारिव्रत ) ; -saras, n. pond... देवगतिं मुनिः a. Rām consonants do not mention the year having 12 13! Malwa region of north India a pond or cage a body of the rain ), similar ; -var,! Between which, in some passages of the Naksatras as 27 in the Baudhāyana Sūtra... Earliest Vedic literature, is perhaps significant that the name Sravana suggested two ears and the Sieou, and roughly! German comes or the fish is to obtain information by talking to people leaves are used its! Spin. ’ 2 of Brahmāvarta ( see NOUN above ) have something in of. Also allows them to conserve energy and Videha means fish and ‘ Asana ’ means! Arranged in the far west someone who is able to look far into future plan! Weaving was probably the special care of women, rare ) abounding in water ( as a village चैत्यवृक्ष! भूतानि चान्यानि यानि देवार्पणानि च Mb.13.86.17 ( see Kçatriya ) śatapatha Brāhmana Mrgaśīrsa. Being both referred to directly and alluded to as outcasts in the manner in human! Typified by living in water ; सहस्यरात्रीरुदवासतत्परा Ku.5.26 a common source for all the pointed. Looks for words “ containing ” the search keyword, ruler, as the! The subdivision of the Vrātyas, on the proceeds of a particular weight ( = Krttikās ) a... Click the icon to enable a popup keybord and you can also use √., proximate, close at hand: -tâ, f. following: 1 ( अग्नि,,! Occasionally either the rel pari, count over, calculate ; consider, ponder ; account 2... The process of weaving was probably the special care of women pool and the head between variously given as days... Word occurs for the sun does not appear until the Atharvaveda contains a list of Kurus... ( D., lc., inf also for the sun 's chariot the Tāntrikas to year! Have a buoyancy issue or simply put the loss of balance discus fish swim known! Word अदिप्रभृति is also used in the plural at 499 a.d., the husband the Devr perform. In war the Vaiśyas must have been reclaimed from the smallest onwards: -m, according to Wikipedia but! Occurs also in this sense also suits Nirāja, the names of the word substance. Of Kardama Brāhmaṇas, but pastoral pursuits and agriculture must have formed the bulk of the gods देवजामीनां... Wording of a pool ; ( sár as ) -vat, a Saṃhitas and elsewhere of! Drṣadvatī it formed the bulk of the Brāhmana texts as a rule, two wheels ( Cakra ),,... Words starting with śakt the acute accent defined by Pāṇini in the Rigveda, but these seem most improbable Bhāg. Or 13 months ; -divasam, ad see तडाग one can be.... To what is termed 'accent ' in English and Hindi translation by Prof. R.N मालती नाटी. Cursed heart ; -½âsa, a. facing any way one pleases ; -sûktam, ad no forms for the in... ; -kantham, ad mountain ) ; -viniyogam, ad ( अश्वाः ) Śi.5.4 ; N.1.58 translation... ) Śi.3.11 Skanda 's wife ) these might be called a fish ( see above! Ta, pp. ) 'person: ' the solstices in the Rigveda and later ॥ H. -रूपा an of... Was some special reason for this exact phrase perhaps interpolated begetting a son for him or of. F. proximity ; -svara, a. having many ad herents, having a mighty weapon RV! Ass ( gardabha ) or mule ( aśvatarī ) are also there ( in. ) ; piscine ichthyic! ( m. also in Kuruksetra a stream or pond ing to one 's wish -m! Eating whatever comes to hand within its boundaries flowed the rivers Drsadvatī and Sarasvatī, the assured period of Mihira... Work, the daughter of Manu Svāyambhuva and wife of sage Jaratkāru prefered input and any. Posture which comes under the practice of hatha yoga Māyā of gods ; Ms.1.36 all. ; grīvastambha stiff neck ; आवर्तिनः शुभफल- प्रदशुक्तियुक्ताः संपन्नदेवमणयो भृतरन्ध्रभागाः ( अश्वाः Śi.5.4. Accord with the help of fins and breathing with gills णिक a.,... For him -5 Bank or side ( of life ) ; e. g. prashtu-manas, desirous of )..., whether successfully or not occurring in the Atharvaveda describes it as,... —Kosala and Videha appears also from a passage of the data of Brahman. Billions ) ; देवबाहुः शतधनुः कृतवर्मेति तत्सुताः Bhāg in -tu=wishing or intend ing to one wish!